What is Ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to the group of antibiotics called quinolone. It is also used to treat traveller’s diarrhoea.
Although drug prophylaxis is not discouraged in the treatment of diarrhoea, the use of a fluoroquinolone, such as Ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice a day for one to three days is found to be effective in the treatment of adults with traveller’s diarrhoea. Antibiotic treatment for diarrhoea is usually reserved where loperamide does not work.
Traveller’s diarrhoea is a disorder in the digestive tract that usually causes loose stool and abdominal cramps. It is usually caused by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. You can reduce your risk of traveller’s diarrhoea by being careful about what you eat or drink during your travel.
Ciprofloxacin cannot treat infections caused by viruses.
How does Ciprofloxacin work?
Ciprofloxacin works by killing the bacteria or preventing their growth. It kills the bacteria that caused traveller’s diarrhoea and other infections.
What are the benefits of taking Ciprofloxacin?
Ciprofloxacin is beneficial in killing bacteria and stopping the infection. Traveller’s diarrhoea is usually caused by bacterial infections.
How do I use Ciprofloxacin?
Before you use Ciprofloxacin, follow the instructions of your doctor or the patient information that is provided with the package of the medication. If you have any questions or doubts about the use of Ciprofloxacin, ask your doctor.
Ciprofloxacin may be taken with or without a meal as directed by your doctor usually twice a day, or every 12 hours, preferably one in the morning and one in the evening.
If you are using the suspension, shake the container well for 15 seconds before pouring each dose. Use a special measuring device or spoon in getting a dose. Do not use a household spoon because it may not give you the correct dose. Do not chew the content of the suspension.
Do not use the suspension with feeding tubes because it may clog the tube.
The dosage and length of treatment is based on your medical condition and your response to the treatment. Drink plenty of fluids while taking Ciprofloxacin unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
Take Ciprofloxacin at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after taking a product that may bind to it. Ask your doctor about the other products you are currently taking.
The effects of Ciprofloxacin may be reduced by calcium-rich foods, such as dairy products or calcium-enriched juices. Take Ciprofloxacin at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after eating calcium-rich foods, unless those are eaten as part of a larger meal that contains other non-calcium-rich foods. Non-Calcium-Rich foods decrease the calcium binding effect.
Consult first your doctor before you start taking nutritional supplements with this medication.
You will get the best results if you will take Ciprofloxacin at evenly spaced times. Take this medication at about the same times each day to help you remember to take your dose.
Continue to take Ciprofloxacin until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if you notice improvements on your symptoms. Stopping the medication too early may result in the return of the infection.
The usual dosage of Ciprofloxacin is twice a day, one in the morning and one in the evening, unless directed otherwise by your doctor. The dosage and the length of your treatment will depend on the severity of your condition and your response to the medication.
Side effects & precautions
Medicines and their possible side effects affect individual users differently. Not everyone who uses Ciprofloxacin will experience the possible side effects.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he deemed that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects.
Nausea, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, lightheadedness, or trouble sleeping may occur while you are taking Ciprofloxacin. In any of these side effects persist or get worse, tell your doctor immediately.
Report immediately to your doctor if you experience any serious side effects, including unusual bleeding or bruising, signs of kidney problems, signs of new infections, or signs of liver problems.
Get medical help right away if you experience any very serious side effects, such as severe dizziness, fainting, or fast or irregular heartbeat.
Ciprofloxacin may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition due to a type of resistant bacteria. This may occur during treatment or weeks to months after the treatment has been finished. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop persistent diarrhoea, blood or mucus in your stool, or abdominal or stomach pain or cramping.
Do not use anti-diarrhoea products or narcotic pain medication if you experience the foregoing symptoms because these products may make the condition worse.
Repeated or prolonged use of Ciprofloxacin may result in oral thrush or a new yeast infection. Consult your doctor if you notice white patches in your mouth, a change in your vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.
A very serious allergic reaction to Ciprofloxacin is rare. However, get medical help immediately if you have the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: itching, rash, swelling, severe dizziness, or trouble breathing.
If you notice any other side effects that you believe to be associated with your use of Ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor immediately.
During pregnancy, use Ciprofloxacin only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Ciprofloxacin passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before you breastfeed.
Before taking Ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to it, or to other quinolone antibiotics, or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients that can cause allergic reactions or other problems.
Before using this medication, share with your doctor a list of all the medications you are currently taking. Your doctor will determine if any of these medications could interact with Ciprofloxacin.
This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. While taking this medication, you should limit your time in the sun, tanning booths or sunlamps. Use sunscreen and wear protective clothing when going outdoors.
Before having any surgical procedure, tell your healthcare professional that you are taking Ciprofloxacin.
Children and older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this medication.